A little basic info on Hawaii…

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  • Hawaii, the 50th state of the United States, is the only one that was once an independent kingdom.
  • Made up of eight main islands and thousands of smaller ones, the state covers much of the central north pacific ocean, stretching from Hawaii island to Midway.
  • The state capitol is Honolulu, located on the island of O’ahu.
  • O’ahu, is the location of Pearl Harbor, Waikiki Beach and Diamond Head.
  • The other main islands are, from east to west:  Hawaii also known as (the Big Island), Maui (the Valley Isle), Kaho’olawe, Lanai (the Pineapple Isle), Molokai (the Friendly Isle), Oahu (The Gathering Place), Kaua’I (the Garden Isle) and Niihau (a privately owned, Hawaiians-only island Southwest of Kaua’i).
  • Hawaii, the Big Island, is the newest and largest of the islands.  It has the same area as all of the remaining islands combined.
  • The Big Island is birthplace of Kamehameha, Hawaii’s first king.
  • Hawaii island is home to the world’s premiere stellar observatories, atop Mauna Kea
  • Mauna Kea is the tallest mountain on the earth, if measured from the place where it emerged from the crust.  Mt. Everest is tallest if measured from sea level, but most of Mauna Kea lies beneath the waves.
  • Mauna Loa, also on Hawaii island, is the most massive mountain on the planet.
  • Kilauea volcano is the most active volcano on earth, erupting continuously since 1984.
  • About 500 acres of new land is created by Kilauea each year.  The Big Island is still growing bigger!
  • In about 100,000 years, a new Hawaiian island, Lo’ihi, will emerge from the ocean to the southeast of the Big Island.
  • Many wonderful food crops are grown on the Big Island:  COFFEE, chocolate, vanilla, tea, spices and hundreds of exotic tropical fruits and vegetables.
  • Hawaii island has a thriving cattle ranching culture and is home to one of the largest ranches in the US.
  • Because of the tall mountains, the eastern side of the Big Island receives between 200 and 300 inches of rain each year.  On the western side, in the mountains’ shadows, areas receive as little as 4 inches each year!
  • YES!  It does snow on Mauna Kea and Mauna Loa every winter.  And daring folks do ski the slopes.  With extreme care.
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